Human Trafficking

What is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is a modern-day form of SLAVERY. Victims of human trafficking are subjected to force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of sexual exploitation or forced labor. Commercial sex acts may be induced by force, fraud or coercion or exploit any child under 18 years of age. Many victims are forced to work off a debt to the trafficker, and are not allowed to leave or contact anyone they know. NOTE: Victims need not be transported from one location to another.

Who are the Victims?

Victims can be anyone!
  • Young children, teenagers, men and women.
  • All races and genders.
  • All over the world, including here in California.
  • Victims find themselves in a vulnerable situation and are taken advantage of by someone who promises them money or promises to take care of them.
What are some indicators of Human Trafficking?
  • Victims find themselves in a vulnerable situation and are taken advantage of by someone who promises them money or promises to take care of them.
  • Victim shows signs of:
    • trauma, fatigue, injury, or other evidence of poor care and hygiene, including signs of sexual abuse and psychological damage.
  • Victim is withdrawn, afraid to talk, or his or her communication is censored by another person.
  • Victim does not have freedom of movement.
  • Heavy security at commercial establishment (barred windows, locked doors, electronic surveillance, isolated location); employees are not seen leaving unless they are escorted.
  • Victim is prohibited from leaving the work site or the site where he or she lives (often the same site).
  • Victim owes a debt to his or her employer.
  • Security measures are used to control who has contact with the Victim.
  • Victim does not have control over his or her own government-issued identification or over his or her worker immigration documents.
  • High foot traffic at all hours of the day and night.

How to Get Help/Resources?

  • National Human Trafficking Resource Center(NHTRC): 1-888-3737-888
    • Call this number to:
      • Report a tip;
      • Connect with anti-trafficking services in your area; or
      • Request general information or specific anti-trafficking resources.
  • Polaris Project
  • Freedom Collaborative
  • Find local resources for victims of human trafficking