Missing Children

Who is a missing child?

In California, a missing person is someone whose whereabouts is unknown to the reporting party. Under  California law, a missing child is a person 17 years of age or younger. (California Penal Code § 277.) A Missing Child includes any child who may have run away, been taken involuntarily, or may be in need of assistance. It includes a child illegally taken, held or hidden by a parent or non-parent family member. (California Penal Code §§ 277-280).

How to report a missing person…

There is NO waiting period for reporting a person missing. All California police and sheriffs’ departments must accept any report, including a report by telephone, of a missing person, including runaways, without delay and will give priority to the handling of the report. You can request investigators to enter the child into the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) Missing Persons File. There is no waiting period for entry into the NCIC database.

What to do when your child is missing…

According to missingkids.com,
  • Immediately call your local law enforcement agency. Provide them with your childs:
    • Name
    • Date of birth
    • Height
    • Weight
    • Descriptions of any other unique identifies such as eyeglasses and braces
    • Descriptions of when and where your child went missing
    • What your child was wearing when he/she went missing
  • Request law enforcement enter your child’s name and identifying information into the FBI’s National Crime Information Center Missing Person File
  • If your child is missing from home, search through:
    • Closets
    • Piles of laundry
    • In and under beds
    • Inside large appliances
    • Vehicles – including trunks
    • Anywhere else that  a child may crawl or hide
Published by the US Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the following link is a guide written by parents and family members who have experienced the disappearance of a child. It contains their combined advice concerning what you can expect when your child is missing, what you can do, and where you can go for help. It explains the role that various agencies and organizations play in the search for your missing child and discusses some of the important issues that you and your family should consider:http://www.missingkids.com/content/dam/missingkids/pdfs/publications/pdf6a.pdf In addition, the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children has several publications available that can provide information related to the issues of missing children, child sexual exploitation, and safety and prevention. These resources can be found at the following link:  http://www.missingkids.com/ourwork/publications

National Resources

  • National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) 699 Prince Street Alexandria, VA 22314–3175 Phone: (800) THE–LOST Phone: (800) 826–7653 (TTY) Phone:  703–274–3900 Fax: (703) 274–2200 (Fax) Web: www.missingkids.com Cyber Tipline: www.cybertipline.com
  • U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime Office for Victims of Crime Office of Justice Program U.S. Department of Justice 810 Seventh Street NW. Washington, DC 20531 Phone: (202) 307–5983 Fax: (202) 514–6383 Web: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) FBI Headquarters Special Investigations and Initiatives Unit Crimes Against Children Unit 935 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Washington, DC 20535 Phone: 202–324–3666 Fax: 202–324–2731
FBI Offices in California FBI Los Angeles Suite 1700, FOB 11000 Wilshire Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90024 losangeles.fbi.gov (310) 477-6565 FBI Sacramento 4500 Orange Grove Ave. Sacramento, CA 95841 sacramento.fbi.gov (916) 481-9110 FBI San Diego 9797 Aero Drive San Diego, CA 92123 sandiego.fbi.gov (858) 565-1255 FBI San Francisco 450 Golden Gate Ave., 13th Floor San Francisco, CA 94102 sanfrancisco.fbi.gov (415) 553-7400
  • U.S. Department of Justice, Child Protection Division Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Office of Justice Programs U.S. Department of Justice 810 Seventh Street NW. Washington, DC 20531 Phone: (202) 616–3637 Fax: (202) 307–2819 (Fax) Web: http://www.ojjdp.gov

California Resources

  • The Missing and Unidentified Persons Unit, California Department of Justice State of California Department of Justice Office of the Attorney General P.O. Box 944255 Sacramento, CA 94244-2550 Phone: (916) 227-3290 Web: www.oag.ca.gov/missing/mups Email: missing.persons@doj.ca.gov

Missing Child Reward Program

You may be eligible to receive an award if you provided information that led to the discovery of a child. Go to the California Victim Compensation Board website for details or contact the California Victim Compensation Board at 1-800-777-9229.